Checking automatic transmission fluid

Checking automatic transmission fluid  - Transmission fluid - Maintenance and Specifications - Lincoln MKS Owners Manual - Lincoln MKS

Refer to your scheduled maintenance information for scheduled intervals for fluid checks and changes. Your transmission does not consume fluid. However, the fluid level should be checked if the transmission is not working properly, i.e., if the transmission slips or shifts slowly or if you notice some sign of fluid leakage.

Automatic transmission fluid expands when warmed. To obtain an accurate fluid check, drive the vehicle until it is warmed up (approximately 20 miles [30 km]). If your vehicle has been operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off until normal operating temperatures are reached to allow the fluid to cool before checking. Depending on vehicle use, cooling times could take up to 30 minutes or longer.

WARNING: The dipstick cap and surrounding components may be hot; gloves are recommended.

1. Drive the vehicle 20 miles (30 km) or until it reaches normal operating temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on the brake pedal, start the engine and move the gearshift lever through all of the gear ranges. Allow a minimum of 10 seconds for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean, dry lint free rag. If necessary, refer to Identifying components in the engine compartment in this chapter for the location of the dipstick. (For vehicles with the EcoBoost engine, move the air filter assembly aside to access the transmission dipstick).

WARNING: Use gloves when moving the air filter assembly; components will be hot.

For vehicles equipped with the EcoBoost engine, do the following:

A. Shut the engine off.
B. Clean the area around the clamp that connects the air filter assembly to the rubber hose (1).

C. Remove the bolt cover (if

C. Remove the bolt cover (if equipped).

D. Remove two bolts that attach the air filter assembly to the front of

D. Remove two bolts that attach the air filter assembly to the front of the vehicle (2).
E. Loosen the clamp holding the air filter assembly to the rubber hose (1).
F. Remove the harness retaining clip by pulling up (3). Do not disconnect the sensor (4).
G. Without disconnecting the sensor (4), pull the air filter assembly up to disconnect the air filter assembly from the seated grommets located underneath the air filter assembly.
H. Rotate the air filter assembly 90 degrees counterclockwise and reinstall into the rubber hose.

I. Tighten the clamp (1).

I. Tighten the clamp (1).
J. The transmission fluid level indicator can now be accessed.

WARNING: Do not run engine with the air filter disconnected.

Start the engine and continue with Step 6.

6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in the filler tube by turning it to the locked position.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level. The fluid should be in the designated areas for normal operating temperature.

Low fluid level

If the fluid level is below the MIN

If the fluid level is below the MIN range of the dipstick, add fluid to reach the hash mark level. Note: If the fluid level is below the MIN level, do not drive the vehicle. An underfill condition may cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.

Correct fluid level

The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating

The transmission fluid should be checked at normal operating temperature 180F-200F (82C-93C) on a level surface. The normal operating temperature can be reached after approximately 20 miles (30 km) of driving.

The transmission fluid level should be targeted within the cross-hatch area if at normal operating temperature 180F-200F (82C-93C).

High fluid level

If the fluid level is above the MAX

If the fluid level is above the MAX range of the dipstick, remove fluid to reach the hashmark level. Note:

Fluid level above the MAX level may cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.

High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating condition. If your vehicle has been operated for an extended period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should be turned off until normal operating temperatures are reached. Depending on vehicle use, cooling times could take up to 30 minutes or longer.

Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels

Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type is used. The type of fluid used is normally indicated on the dipstick and also in the Maintenance product specifications and capacities section in this chapter.

Use of a non-approved automatic transmission fluid may cause internal transmission component damage.

If necessary, add fluid in 1/2 pint

If necessary, add fluid in 1/2 pint (250 ml) increments through the filler tube until the level is correct.

If an overfill occurs, excess fluid should be removed by an authorized dealer.

An overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible damage.

Do not use supplemental transmission fluid additives, treatments or cleaning agents. The use of these materials may affect transmission operation and result in damage to internal transmission components.

For vehicles equipped with the EcoBoost engine, reinstall the air filter assembly.

After the fluid level has been checked and adjusted as necessary, do the following:

A. Shut the engine off.
B. Loosen the clamp holding the air filter assembly to the rubber hose.
C. Rotate the air filter assembly 90 degrees clockwise without disconnecting the sensor.
D. Seat the air filter assembly back into the grommets by pushing down on the air filter assembly.
E. Tighten the clamp.
F. Install and tighten two bolts that attach air filter assembly to the front of the vehicle.
G. Install the bolt cover (if equipped).
H. Reinstall the harness retaining clip into the front of the air filter assembly.

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